Fishing may be the activity of wanting to catch fish. Fish are usually caught in the wild. Procedures for catching fish include things like hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping.
The term fishing may possibly be applied to catching other aquatic animals that include molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms. The term just isn't ordinarily applied to catching farmed fish, or to aquatic mammals, such as whales, exactly where the term whaling is even more suitable.
Based on FAO statistics, the total quantity of commercial fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to become 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture produce direct and indirect employment to over 500 million people. In 2005, the worldwide per capita consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.four kilograms, with an extra 7.four kilograms harvested from fish farms. In addition to delivering food, modern day fishing is also a recreational pastime.
Fishing is an ancient practice that dates back to, no less than, the starting from the Paleolithic period about 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis on the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000 year old modern day human from eastern Asia, has shown that he often consumed freshwater fish. Archaeology characteristics for example shell middens, discarded fish bones and cave paintings show that sea foods were vital for survival and consumed in substantial quantities. Through this period, the majority of people lived a hunter-gatherer way of life and had been, of necessity, continuously on the move. Even so, exactly where you can find early examples of permanent settlements (though not necessarily permanently occupied) including these at Lepenski Vir, they're just about generally related with fishing as a significant supply of food.
The ancient river Nile was full of fish; fresh and dried fish had been a staple food for substantially from the population. The Egyptians had implements and procedures for fishing and these are illustrated in tomb scenes, drawings, and papyrus documents. Some representations hint at fishing getting pursued as a pastime. In India, the Pandyas, a classical Dravidian Tamil kingdom, had been identified for the pearl fishery as early as the 1st century BC. Their seaport Tuticorin was known for deep sea pearl fishing. The paravas, a Tamil caste centred in Tuticorin, developed a rich community as a result of their pearl trade, navigation information and fisheries. Fishing scenes are hardly ever represented in ancient Greek culture, a reflection of your low social status of fishing. On the other hand, Oppian of Corycus, a Greek author wrote a major treatise on sea fishing, the Halieulica or Halieutika, composed in between 177 and 180. This really is the earliest such work to have survived for the contemporary day. Pictorial evidence of Roman fishing comes from mosaics. The Greco-Roman sea god Neptune is depicted as wielding a fishing trident. The Moche people today of ancient Peru depicted fishermen in their ceramics.
There are plenty of fishing approaches or approaches for catching fish. The term can also be applied to techniques for catching other aquatic animals for example molluscs (shellfish, squid, octopus) and edible marine invertebrates.
Fishing methods consist of hand gathering, spearfishing, netting, angling and trapping. Recreational, commercial and artisanal fishers use distinctive methods, as well as, at times, the identical techniques. Recreational fishers fish for pleasure or sport, when commercial fishers fish for profit. Artisanal fishers use traditional, low-tech procedures, for survival in third-world nations, and as a cultural heritage in other countries. Mostly, recreational fishers use angling methods and commercial fishers use netting techniques.
There's an intricate link between various fishing tactics and understanding concerning the fish and their behaviour including migration, foraging and habitat. The helpful use of fishing methods usually depends upon this extra understanding. Some fishermen follow fishing folklores which claim that fish feeding patterns are influenced by the position of the sun and the moon. Certainly one of the world?s longest trading histories would be the trade of dry cod from the Lofoten place of Norway to the southern parts of Europe, Italy, Spain and Portugal. The trade in cod began throughout the Viking period or before, has been going on for extra than 1,000 years and is nonetheless significant.
Fishing tackle is really a common term that refers towards the gear employed by fishermen when fishing.
Virtually any equipment or gear employed for fishing is often called fishing tackle. Some examples are hooks, lines, sinkers, floats, rods, reels, baits, lures, spears, nets, gaffs, traps, waders and tackle boxes.
Tackle that is certainly attached for the end of a fishing line is called terminal tackle. This includes hooks, sinkers, floats, leaders, swivels, split rings and wire, snaps, beads, spoons, blades, spinners and clevises to attach spinner blades to fishing lures.
Fishing tackle will be contrasted with fishing tactics. Fishing tackle refers for the physical equipment which is applied when fishing, whereas fishing procedures refers for the ways the tackle is used when fishing.
Commercial fishing may be the capture of fish for commercial purposes. Those who practice it ought to more often than not pursue fish far in to the ocean below adverse conditions. Commercial fishermen harvest nearly all aquatic species, from tuna, cod and salmon to shrimp, krill, lobster, clams, squid and crab, in a number of fisheries for these species. Commercial fishing approaches have turn into fairly efficient using sizeable nets and sea-going processing factories. Individual fishing quotas and international treaties seek to control the species and quantities caught.
A commercial fishing enterprise may well differ from one man with a smaller boat with hand-casting nets or even a few pot traps, to an enormous fleet of trawlers processing tons of fish everyday.
Commercial fishing gear consists of weights, nets (e.g. purse seine), seine nets (e.g. beach seine), trawls (e.g. bottom trawl), dredges, hooks and line (e.g. long line and handline), lift nets, gillnets, entangling nets and traps.
In accordance with the Food and Agriculture Organization on the United Nations, total globe capture fisheries production in 2000 was 86 million tons (FAO 2002). The top rated creating nations had been, in order, the People's Republic of China (excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan), Peru, Japan, the Usa, Chile, Indonesia, Russia, India, Thailand, Norway and Iceland. These countries accounted for more than half from the world's production; China alone accounted to get a third in the world's production. Of that production, over 90% was marine and less than 10% was inland. Intensive koi aquaculture facility in Israel
A modest number of species support the majority on the world?s fisheries. Some of these species are herring, cod, anchovy, tuna, flounder, mullet, squid, shrimp, salmon, crab, lobster, oyster and scallops. All except these last 4 supplied a worldwide catch of properly more than a million tonnes in 1999, with herring and sardines with each other offering a catch of over 22 million metric tons in 1999. Plenty of other species also are fished in smaller sized numbers.