Fishing will be the activity of wanting to catch fish. Fish are typically caught within the wild. Methods for catching fish incorporate hand gathering, spearing, netting, angling and trapping.
The term fishing might be applied to catching other aquatic animals that include molluscs, cephalopods, crustaceans, and echinoderms. The term will not be generally applied to catching farmed fish, or to aquatic mammals, which include whales, exactly where the term whaling is far more suitable.
According to FAO statistics, the total quantity of commercial fishermen and fish farmers is estimated to become 38 million. Fisheries and aquaculture deliver direct and indirect employment to more than 500 million individuals. In 2005, the worldwide per capita consumption of fish captured from wild fisheries was 14.4 kilograms, with an added 7.4 kilograms harvested from fish farms. As well as supplying food, modern fishing is also a recreational pastime.
Fishing is an ancient practice that dates back to, at least, the beginning of the Paleolithic period about 40,000 years ago. Isotopic analysis with the skeletal remains of Tianyuan man, a 40,000 year old modern day human from eastern Asia, has shown that he regularly consumed freshwater fish. Archaeology features which include shell middens, discarded fish bones and cave paintings show that sea foods were valuable for survival and consumed in important quantities. In the course of this period, most of the people lived a hunter-gatherer lifestyle and had been, of necessity, consistently on the move. But, exactly where there can be early examples of permanent settlements (though not necessarily permanently occupied) that include those at Lepenski Vir, they may be just about constantly linked with fishing as a significant source of food.
The ancient river Nile was filled with fish; fresh and dried fish had been a staple food for significantly of your population. The Egyptians had implements and procedures for fishing and these are illustrated in tomb scenes, drawings, and papyrus documents. Some representations hint at fishing being pursued as a pastime. In India, the Pandyas, a classical Dravidian Tamil kingdom, were identified for the pearl fishery as early because the 1st century BC. Their seaport Tuticorin was known for deep sea pearl fishing. The paravas, a Tamil caste centred in Tuticorin, created a rich community because of their pearl trade, navigation expertise and fisheries. Fishing scenes are rarely represented in ancient Greek culture, a reflection with the low social status of fishing. Yet, Oppian of Corycus, a Greek author wrote a major treatise on sea fishing, the Halieulica or Halieutika, composed amongst 177 and 180. This is the earliest such function to have survived for the contemporary day. Pictorial evidence of Roman fishing comes from mosaics. The Greco-Roman sea god Neptune is depicted as wielding a fishing trident. The Moche folks of ancient Peru depicted fishermen in their ceramics.
There are plenty of fishing methods or approaches for catching fish. The term may also be applied to strategies for catching other aquatic animals for example molluscs (shellfish, squid, octopus) and edible marine invertebrates.
Fishing methods include things like hand gathering, spearfishing, netting, angling and trapping. Recreational, commercial and artisanal fishers use diverse approaches, as well as, often, exactly the same procedures. Recreational fishers fish for pleasure or sport, even though commercial fishers fish for profit. Artisanal fishers use standard, low-tech methods, for survival in third-world countries, and as a cultural heritage in other countries. Mainly, recreational fishers use angling procedures and commercial fishers use netting techniques.
There is certainly an intricate link amongst a variety of fishing methods and information in regards to the fish and their behaviour including migration, foraging and habitat. The productive use of fishing procedures more often than not depends upon this extra information. Some fishermen comply with fishing folklores which claim that fish feeding patterns are influenced by the position with the sun as well as the moon. One of the world?s longest trading histories may be the trade of dry cod from the Lofoten area of Norway for the southern parts of Europe, Italy, Spain and Portugal. The trade in cod began during the Viking period or ahead of, has been going on for much more than 1,000 years and is nonetheless fundamental.
Fishing tackle can be a general term that refers to the gear used by fishermen when fishing.
Virtually any equipment or gear employed for fishing is usually known as fishing tackle. Some examples are hooks, lines, sinkers, floats, rods, reels, baits, lures, spears, nets, gaffs, traps, waders and tackle boxes.
Tackle that's attached for the end of a fishing line is known as terminal tackle. This contains hooks, sinkers, floats, leaders, swivels, split rings and wire, snaps, beads, spoons, blades, spinners and clevises to attach spinner blades to fishing lures.
Fishing tackle is usually contrasted with fishing techniques. Fishing tackle refers to the physical equipment that is certainly implemented when fishing, whereas fishing procedures refers towards the strategies the tackle is applied when fishing.
Commercial fishing will be the capture of fish for commercial purposes. People that practice it should generally pursue fish far in to the ocean beneath adverse conditions. Commercial fishermen harvest pretty much all aquatic species, from tuna, cod and salmon to shrimp, krill, lobster, clams, squid and crab, in numerous fisheries for these species. Commercial fishing procedures have turn into especially efficient utilizing sizeable nets and sea-going processing factories. Person fishing quotas and international treaties seek to control the species and quantities caught.
A commercial fishing enterprise will probably vary from one man having a smaller boat with hand-casting nets or a couple of pot traps, to an enormous fleet of trawlers processing tons of fish every day.
Commercial fishing gear contains weights, nets (e.g. purse seine), seine nets (e.g. beach seine), trawls (e.g. bottom trawl), dredges, hooks and line (e.g. long line and handline), lift nets, gillnets, entangling nets and traps.
In accordance with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, total globe capture fisheries production in 2000 was 86 million tons (FAO 2002). The leading creating countries had been, in order, the People's Republic of China (excluding Hong Kong and Taiwan), Peru, Japan, the Usa, Chile, Indonesia, Russia, India, Thailand, Norway and Iceland. Those nations accounted for significantly more than half on the world's production; China alone accounted for a third from the world's production. Of that production, over 90% was marine and much less than 10% was inland. Intensive koi aquaculture facility in Israel
A small number of species support the majority on the world?s fisheries. Some of these species are herring, cod, anchovy, tuna, flounder, mullet, squid, shrimp, salmon, crab, lobster, oyster and scallops. All except these final four provided a worldwide catch of nicely more than a million tonnes in 1999, with herring and sardines together offering a catch of more than 22 million metric tons in 1999. A variety of other species too are fished in smaller sized numbers.